Wellness Wednesday: What is dehydration?

Wellness Wednesday: What is dehydration?

Dehydration is a condition that occurs when the body loses more fluids than it takes in, leading to an insufficient amount of water to function properly. Water is essential for various bodily functions, including temperature regulation, digestion, and waste elimination. When the body doesn’t have enough water, it can disrupt these processes and result in dehydration.

Causes of dehydration can include:

  1. Inadequate fluid intake: Not drinking enough water, especially during hot weather or physical activity, can lead to dehydration.
  2. Excessive fluid loss: This can occur through sweating (during exercise or in hot environments), vomiting, diarrhea, or frequent urination.
  3. Illness: Certain illnesses, such as fever or infections, can increase fluid loss and contribute to dehydration.
  4. Medical conditions: Some medical conditions, like diabetes, kidney disorders, or adrenal gland disorders, can affect fluid balance and lead to dehydration.

Symptoms of dehydration may include:

  • Thirst
  • Dark yellow urine
  • Reduced urine output
  • Dry mouth and dry skin
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sunken eyes

Severe dehydration can be a medical emergency and may require prompt medical attention. It’s important to stay adequately hydrated by drinking water regularly and adjusting fluid intake based on factors like climate, physical activity, and overall health.